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美国公布核武器储备情况  

2014-04-30 02:46:13|  分类: 核武器 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中新社纽约4月29日电 (记者 李洋)美国负责国际安全和不扩散事务的助理国务卿康特里曼当地时间29日在纽约透露美国最新的核武器储备情况,称截至2013年9月30日,美国核弹头储量为4804枚。
康特里曼提供的数据称,目前的美国核弹头储备比1967财年的31255枚下降了85%,比1989年时的22217枚下降了78%;自1991年9月30日以来,美国非战略核武器的数量下降90%。
康特里曼同时散发了美国参加《不扩散核武器条约》(NPT)第九次审议大会第三次筹备会的政策文件。NPT每五年举行一次审议大会,审议核裁军、核不扩散、和平利用核能等核领域全球治理重要问题的最新进展情况。
康特里曼介绍了美国与俄罗斯在核不扩散方面的合作进展。他表示,尽管美俄在乌克兰问题上针锋相对,但在诸如核不扩散以及叙利亚化学武器销毁等重大安全议题上,美俄都在尽力缩小双方分歧。
但康特里曼强调,乌克兰危机严重损害了美俄之间的互信,令美俄难以在诸多安全领域取得进展。康特里曼还指责俄罗斯违反了《布达佩斯安全保障备忘录》。
美俄英等国于1994年签署《布达佩斯安全保障备忘录》,在确保乌克兰无核化的同时,重申保障乌克兰的国家主权和领土完整。
在谈到伊朗核问题时,康特里曼表示伊朗与伊核问题六国(美英法俄中和德国)的核谈判是严肃和有意义的,谈判也将有助于巩固NPT进程。他还说,为伊核问题谈判找到一条“可操作的途径”是必要的,但他拒绝评论目前的谈判进展。
在谈到朝鲜半岛核问题时,康特里曼重申朝鲜应重返NPT,并称NPT事实上“仍对朝鲜形成约束”。

April 29, 2014
Fact Sheet
Transparency in the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile

The United States is releasing newly declassified information on the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile to update the information released in May 2010. Increasing the transparency of global nuclear stockpiles is important to non-proliferation efforts, including commitments under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, and the pursuit of further reductions that cover all nuclear weapons: deployed and non-deployed, strategic and non-strategic.
Stockpile. As of September 2013, the U.S. stockpile of nuclear warheads consisted of 4,804 warheads. This number represents an 85 percent reduction in the stockpile from its maximum (31,255) at the end of fiscal year 1967, and a 78 percent reduction from its level (22,217) when the Berlin Wall fell in late 1989. The below figure shows the U.S. nuclear stockpile from 1945 through September 30, 2013.
Warhead Dismantlement. From fiscal years 1994 through 2013, the United States dismantled 9,952 nuclear warheads. Since September 30, 2009, the United States has dismantled 1,204 nuclear warheads. Several thousand additional nuclear weapons are currently retired and awaiting dismantlement.
Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons. The number of U.S. non-strategic nuclear weapons has declined by approximately 90 percent since September 30, 1991.

美国公布最新核武器储备情况 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国公布最新核武器储备情况 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国公布最新核武器储备情况 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
Definitions
The nuclear stockpile includes both active and inactive warheads. Active warheads include strategic and non-strategic weapons maintained in an operational, ready-for-use configuration, warheads that must be ready for possible deployment within a short timeframe, and logistics spares. They have tritium bottles and other Limited Life Components installed. Inactive warheads are maintained at a depot in a non-operational status, and have their tritium bottles removed.
A retired warhead is removed from its delivery platform, is not functional, and is not considered part of the nuclear stockpile. Weapons awaiting dismantlement constitute a significant fraction of the total warhead population and will increase as the New START Treaty is implemented and as unneeded warheads are retired. A dismantled warhead is a warhead reduced to its component parts.

核裁军还得靠共和党啊,民主党光说不做

US Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Number Declassified: Only 309 Warheads Cut By Obama Administration 

美国公布核武器储备情况 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
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