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俄罗斯将于2015年开始部署RS-26导弹  

2014-07-02 11:35:55|  分类: 周边动态 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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First RS-26 to be deployed in Irkutsk in 2015

Russian press is quoting an unnamed source in the General Staff as saying that the first RS-26 ballistic missiles will be deployed at the Irkutsk missile division in 2015. Flight tests of the missile are expected to be completed in December 2014. The deployment date has been mentioned before, but the place is new.

RS-26, also known as Rubezh, is the controversial new missile, which appears to be an intermediate-range missile based on (the first two stages of) RS-24 Yars ICBM.

Deployment in Irkutsk is probably somewhat surprising. It was often assumed that because of its intermediate range RS-26 is a missile fir Europe - sort of new incarnation of SS-20. Irkutsk, however, is pretty far from Europe, so if we assume that RS-26 has a range on the order of 5000 km, then the deployment appears to be directed at China. This would be generally in line with Russia's complains about the INF Treaty - the main one being that other countries (including China) are allowed to have them while Russia and the United States are not. But if I were the Chinese I would not consider this deployment a particularly friendly gesture.

Irkutsk used to be one of the Topol/SS-25 divisions, but these missiles have been withdrawn from the division for some time. Some may still remain, but they are likely to be gone very soon. Indeed, at the basing area of one of the regiments (below) all Krona shelters (used by Topol) have been dismantled, but the base looks active otherwise.


俄罗斯将于2015年开始部署RS-26导弹 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 RS-26可能采用MZKT-27291底盘,全车重量约80 t,比白杨-M和亚尔斯导弹有更好的机动性。上图为2013年7月3日白俄罗斯明斯克独立日阅兵式上展示的MZKT-27291。


RS-26曾进行过5800 km的试射(普列谢茨克-库拉),但若采用多弹头,射程可能会减少到5000 km以内,因此被怀疑违反了《中导条约》。俄罗斯曾公开抱怨说,由于《中导条约》的限制,俄罗斯不能发展和装备中程弹道导弹,但俄罗斯周边国家都在大力发展中程弹道导弹,如中国、朝鲜、印度、巴基斯坦和伊朗。此外RS-26还曾在阿斯特拉罕-萨雷沙甘靶场进行过飞行试验,被怀疑可携带再入机动弹头。

按5800 km射程计算,RS-26从伊尔库茨克发射可覆盖中国、日本、朝鲜半岛、巴基斯坦、印度、伊朗、关岛和新加坡。

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