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以色列“箭-2”反导试验失败  

2014-09-15 15:49:30|  分类: 空天防御 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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以色列改进型箭2导弹试射结果尚不确定

[据导弹威胁网站2014年9月10日报道] 以色列于2014年9月9日开展其升级型箭2弹道导弹拦截器的试验。试验反映的情况是,于2000年开始运作的现有箭2系统,可能会难以应对新型导弹,未来可能会被以色列放弃。
在试验中,拉斐尔的麻雀靶弹由地中海上方的飞机从以色列海岸线发射。以色列国防部官员称,箭2的跟踪系统成功地探测并跟踪了目标,并且导弹在合理的时间进行了发射。
但是,目前尚不清楚麻雀靶弹是否被成功拦截。来自以色列国防部霍马管理局(又称以色列导弹防御组织)的一名官员表示,将需要数天让工程师研究来自靶弹和拦截弹传输的大量数据,来确定拦截是否成功。
该试验由箭2项目的主要承包商以色列飞机工业公司(IAI)和国防部以及美国导弹防御局共同执行。其他参与的防务企业包括波音公司、埃尔塔、埃尔比特系统公司,及其子公司Elisra。
安全部门消息人士说,该试验是旨在确保箭2系统保持有效防御能力来应对日益先进的伊朗导弹的多年预定计划的一部分。它们称,旧有的箭2系统继续运行,并没有受到试验影响。
据以色列情报机构估计,伊朗目前拥有超过400枚可以攻击以色列的弹道导弹。
箭2导弹防御系统的目的是在上层大气拦截弹道导弹,是以色列目前应对远程导弹的主要防御力量。
箭3系统的目的是在大气层外拦截弹道导弹,预计将在2015年到2016年将投入运行。箭3导弹最近一次试验是在一月进行,当时一枚拦截弹从以色列中部的帕尔马奇姆空军基地发射。该拦截弹成功地释放了其大气层外拦截器,大气层外拦截器在太空中进行了多次机动,跟踪了模拟弹道导弹目标,并执行了从系统控制中心发送的指令。(中国航天系统科学与工程研究院 张肇瑞) 


Judging by the reaction of the defense establishment, the Arrow 2 missile test likely failed
Posted on September 10, 2014 by editor   

The results of an anti-missile system test are clear immediately: either it intercepts its target or it does not.
The average person’s logic would hold that it would not be terrible to see an experiment fail. Even if the experiment in question is a test of a missile defense system. Why do we carry out tests? To see if something works.
However, this does not seem to be the logic which informs the defense establishment.
Yesterday morning the Arrow 2 interceptor was tested from Palmahim Beach. An aircraft flying above the middle of the Mediterranean Sea fired a target missile called a “Black Anchor” which was supposed to simulate a missile fired toward Israel.
Due to the limitations of Israel’s territory, the missile was fired from west to east, although in Israel’s threat scenarios long-range missiles would be fired from the east or the north – from Iran, Syria or Lebanon (Hezbollah).
The defense system fired an Arrow 2 missile at the target missile which was supposed to intercept it. If the missile had been intercepted, the test would have been deemed successful. If the missile was not intercepted while it was in the air, no matter what the reason, the test would be deemed a failure.
This has been the case in the past. When an interception was successful, the defense establishment rushed to take pride in the achievement and to immediately publish the pictures. However, this time, the defense establishment insisted on not defining the test as a failure.
In the press briefing, a senior official in the Defense Ministry said that “according to an initial investigation the test succeeded, but we still don’t know if there was an interception. The inquiry will continue and the results will be known in the coming days.”
This is a stuttering and twisted answer that is reminiscent of the medical joke, “the surgery was successful, but the patient died.” Will they also explain during wartime that we will only know in the coming days if the missile shot at Israel was intercepted?
In the test of a missile interception the result is known clearly and immediately. If the simulation missile is intercepted, the test succeeded. If the missile did not explode in the air and fell to the ground – or in our case into the sea – the test failed.
Russian radar and observation stations did not hesitate to determine that the missile was not intercepted and fell into the sea, announcing that they identified a missile falling some 300 kilometers north of Tel Aviv. The likely reason for the malfunction is that the attempt to expand the range of the Arrow 2 failed.
The Arrow 2 is an antiquated missile which is approximately 15-years-old. It was originally intended to intercept Scud missiles with a conventional warhead whose range is 300-400 kilometers – the type which was in the arsenal of Syria and Iran back then.
The missile is the joint initiative of the Defense Ministry and the Pentagon, which has funded and continues to fund about 75 percent of the project. The missile is produced by Israel Aerospace Industries and has a radar produced by IAI subsidiary Elta Systems, with the cooperation of Elbit and Rafael.
In the mean time, Hezbollah also has obtained Scuds, and even more advanced missiles, while the range of Iran’s missiles has improved dramatically. The regime in Tehran possesses a Shahab model ballistic missile with a range of 1200 kilometers that can hit any target in Israel.
Over the years, it has also been learned that Iran is striving to develop a nuclear warhead for Shahab missiles. Iran is a year, or at most a year-and-a-half from attaining this.
In Israel and the US, it was decided that, in order to contend with the Iranian Shahab, there is a need to develop a much more advanced Arrow missile. And thus, they began several years ago to work on developing the Arrow 3, which is intended to intercept missiles outside of the atmosphere at an altitude of 250 kilometers.
Until then, in order to provide some sort of answer to missiles with a range of more than 300 kilometers (David’s Sling, whose development will be completed in about a year, has a range of 200 kilometers), it was decided to upgrade the Arrow 2. Notwithstanding the results of yesterday’s test, the work to improve the missile will continue.


Joint US-Israeli missile test over Mediterranean picked up by Russian radar
Published time: September 09, 2014 15:07

Israel and the United States have conducted a joint missile test of the Arrow 2 interceptor system. It took place over the Mediterranean, according to Israel’s Defense Ministry, and was detected by military radar in southwest Russia.
The missile was monitored by Israel’s Defense Ministry, who also added that the results were being analyzed by a team of engineers. The test was detected by the Russian Missile Attack Warning System, a defense spokesman in Moscow told the Russian media.
Major-General Igor Konashenkov, from the Russian Defense Ministry, stated that the missile was picked up from the Armavir Radar Station and they monitored it for 40 seconds.
“The trajectory of the missile went through the central part of the Mediterranean Sea and was heading towards its east coast. It fell into the sea around 300 kilometers north of Tel Aviv,” Konashenkov said.
To test the missile defense system’s capabilities, a Rafael-produced Sparrow missile was fired from the Mediterranean Sea at Israel, a senior official from the Israeli Ministry of Defense said. "The systems detected and tracked the missile, and at the correct time, fired an Arrow 2 interceptor.”
"All of the stages were carried out. We are now going over visual intelligence, broadcast from the interceptor and the target missile, to determine what occurred in the end stage," he added.


14-NEWS-0010
September 9, 2014
U.S. – Israel Missile Defense Test Conducted

The Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development (DDR&D), and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency conducted an intercept test of the Arrow-2 interceptor missile today. The Arrow-2 is an operational system currently providing the Arrow Weapon System (AWS) with an interceptor engagement capability and the test was conducted at an Israeli test range over the Mediterranean Sea.
An Arrow-2 missile was launched and performed its flight sequence as planned. The results are being analyzed by program engineers.
The test results have no effect on the Israeli operational system capability to cope with the existing threats in the region. This test was an improved version of the joint U.S.-Israel AWS, intended to counter future threats.
The primary contractor for the integration and the development of the Arrow Weapon System is MLM of the Israel Aerospace Industries in conjunction with Boeing, Elta, and Elbit/Elisra.


U.S., Israel Conduct Joint Test of Interceptor Missile System
By Army Sgt. 1st Class Tyrone C. Marshall Jr.
DoD News, Defense Media Activity

WASHINGTON, Sept. 9, 2014 – The joint testing of an improved interceptor missile system designed to counter future missile threats went as planned, Defense Department spokesman Army Col. Steven Warren told Pentagon reporters today.
“The Israel Missile Defense Organization of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development, and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency, conducted an intercept test of the Arrow-2 interceptor missile today,” he said.
“The Arrow-2 is an operational system currently providing the Arrow Weapon System with an interceptor engagement capability,” Warren said.
Israel, the first allied nation to declare its intent to field a missile defense system as a national priority, has collaborated in the past with the MDA on similar testing of capabilities.
This test was conducted at an Israeli test range over the Mediterranean Sea, the colonel said, explaining the testing process.
“An Arrow-2 missile was launched and performed its flight sequence as planned,” Warren said. “The results are being analyzed by program engineers.”
“The test results have no effect on the Israeli operational system capability to cope with the existing threats in the region,” he said.
This test, Warren noted, was an improved version of the joint U.S.-Israel Arrow Weapon System, intended to counter future threats.


A1556/14 NOTAMN
Q) LGGG/QWELW/IV/BO /W /390/400/3400N02925E050
A) LGGG
B) 1409090230
C) 1409231000
D) SEP 09 10 12 15 16 17 19 22 23 DAILY 0230-1000.
E) ISRAELI AIR FORCE TEST FLIGHTS WILL TAKE PLACE WITHIN HELLAS UIR
ASDESCRIBED BELOW:
- AREA: 333138N0300000E 340749N0300000E 342114N0291120E
335603N0285401E 333850N0291209E.
- AWY UM1 (GUDIS-KAVOS) AFFECTED.
- VERTICAL LIMITS: FL390-FL400.
- REMARK: TEST FLIGHT AIRCRAFT WILL SUBMIT FLIGHT PLANS, WILL BE IN
CONTINUOUS TWO-WAY COMMUNICATION WITH APPROPRIATE ATC UNITS, WILL
ALSO BE MONITORING THE EMERGENCY FREQUENCY PRIOR TO AND DURING THE
ACTIVITIES AVOIDING ANY FREQUENCY INTERFERENCES AND WILL BE
OPERATING THE TRANSPONDER ON A/3 MODE, DISCRETE CODE AND MODE C.
F) FL390                        
G) FL400

以色列“箭-2”反导试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
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