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“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验  

2015-12-10 17:56:08|  分类: 空天防御 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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IMDO and MDA Successfully Complete First Arrow-3 Ballistic Missile Defense Engagement
15-NEWS-0010
December 10, 2015

The Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development (DDR&D) and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) conducted a successful first engagement of a ballistic missile target with the Arrow-3 interceptor on December 10, 2015. This test was conducted from an Israeli test range and was led by the Israeli Air Force and the Israeli Aerospace Industries (IAI).

A target was launched and detected by radars, which transferred tracking information to the Battle Management Control (BMC) system. The BMC system analyzed tracking data and planned the interception. After the interception solution was calculated, the Arrow-3 interceptor was successfully launched.

The Arrow-3 interceptor performed its planned trajectory and engaged the low-debris target in the exoatmosphere according to plan. Preliminary analysis indicates that test objectives were successfully achieved.

The Arrow-3 interceptor is a central part of Israel's multi-layer defense array and will serve as the uppermost layer. The other layers of defense are: Iron Dome System (operational), David's Sling Weapon System (in its last phase before being deployed operationally), the Arrow-2 (operational) and Arrow 3 (under development).

This successful test is a major milestone in the development of the Arrow Weapon System and provides confidence in future Israeli capabilities to defeat the developing threats. Additional Arrow-3 interceptor tests are planned in the future to demonstrate capability prior to becoming operational.

The primary contractor for the integration and development of the Arrow Weapon System is MLM of IAI, jointly with Elta a subsidiary of IAI. Boeing is partnered with MLM to develop and produce Arrow 3. Elbit, a subsidiary of Elisra, developed the BMC system. The target missile was developed by Rafael.



'Arrow 3' Ballistic Missile Interceptor Test a Success

The test-launch comes a year after Israel's previous test of the interceptor, which failed.
Gili Cohen and Reuters Dec 10, 2015 8:54 AM

以色列“箭3”反导系统第三次试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
Test of the "Arrow 3" ballistic missile interceptor, December 10, 2015. Credit: Ilan Assayag

Israel successfully conducted a test of the "Arrow 3" ballistic missile interceptor on Thursday morning, said the Defense Ministry. The missile's white trail could be seen in the sky over the center of the country.

The announcement appeared aimed at reassuring the public, which had been jarred by previous unannounced test-launches from an air base south of Tel Aviv, worrying Israelis about possible missile battles with Iran, Syria, Hezbollah's Lebanese guerrillas and Hamas in Gaza.

The test-launch of the anti-ballistic missile interceptor comes almost exactly a year after a previous test, which partially failed. In last December's test, a fault was found in the missile used as a target — and as a result, it was decided not to launch the "Arrow 3" at all. The trial was declared a "No Test."

The "Arrow 3" is designed to intercept ballistic missiles at long distances and outside the atmosphere. The U.S. Department of Defense's Missile Defense Agency and Boeing are partners in the project run by state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries. Each "Arrow 3" missile is estimated to cost about $2.2 million.

The Defense Ministry said it will provide the results of the live trial soon after its engineers finish analyzing the data from the test.

The Arrow is the long-range segment in Israel's three-tier missile shield. This also includes the successfully deployed "Iron Dome", which targets short-range rockets and mortar bombs used by Palestinian terrorists in Gaza, and the mid-range "David's Sling", which is still under development. They can be deployed alongside U.S. counterpart systems like the Aegis.

The United States and Israel have been jointly working on Arrow since 1988. Washington says helping Israel build up the capability to shoot down missiles staves off escalatory wars — or preemptive Israeli strikes — in the Middle East.

Israel also sees it as a means of weathering enemy missile salvoes while it brings its offensive capabilities to bear.

What's different this time

In order to avoid the problems that occurred last year, the ministry's Israel Missile Defense Organization decided that in this year's test an Air Force plane would fire the "Sparrow" target missile. When the missile's engine stopped burning, the stages of the target missile would separate and a target would be sent above the atmosphere. Shortly after that, the Sparrow missile  would release another target. It was decided to add the second target this time in case something went wrong with the first one.

The Arrow interceptor would then have to identify the target and home in on it — and then destroy it.

Because of the failure last year and the urgency to test the "Arrow 3" and make it operational, it was decided to add a third possibility in the present trial in case there was a problem with both targets. In any case the "Arrow 3" would be launched and allowed to track and home in on the target missile — but in case of a problem with both targets it would be aimed to "explode" the dummy target a predetermined distance away from the original target missile.

The trial will be considered a success if the "Arrow 3" successfully hits the target, or in case of a problem with the target missile, if it succeeds in tracking the target and "striking" the predetermined distance from the missile.

以色列“箭-3”反导系统首次拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 

“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 

A1140/15 NOTAMN
Q) LMMM/QRDCA/IV/BO /W /000/999/3433N02105E127
A) LMMM B) 1512100500 C) 1512101100
E) TEMPORARY DANGER AREA LMD9 ACTIVATED
AREA BOUNDED BY:
350557N0220156E
343731N0230000E
342000N0233437E
342000N0212758E
342000N0202855E
342000N0190213E
343530N0183454E
344300N0183412E
350313N0192207E
350557N0220156E
F) SFC G) UNL

A1426/15 NOTAMN
Q) LLLL/QARLC/I/NBO/E/000/999/3246N03433E001
A) LLLL B) 1512100500 C) 1512161100
D) 10 14 16 DAILY 0500-1100
E) ATS RTES CLSD: H3D, H3N, H13, H14, J12, J18.

A2490/15 (Issued for LGGG PART 1 OF 2) - ISRAELI AIR FORCE ACTIVITIES WILL TAKE PLACE WITHIN ATHINAI FIR/
HELLAS UIR AS DESCRIBED BELOW:
1.- AREA A (WITHOUT FIRING) : 333444N0295001E 340441N0271659E
340503N0263000E 344347N0263000E 344247N0263454E 351000N0265131E
343907N0295247E.
AWYS UM1 (SIT-KAVOS), UL613 (AMAXI-TANSA), UL617 (SIT-TANSA),
UL607 (SIT-PAXIS), UL612 (SIT-KUMBI), UN132 (NIBOX-KUMBI),
UN139 (KRC-KUMBI), UN133 AND UN137 (KRC-ANTAR), UW54 (ORVIS-ANTAR),
UN129 (LATMO-KUMBI), UL53 (PERIM-ABILO), UN134 (GISOS-MAGIS),
UL52 (VAXOS-MAGIS), UL54 (KRC-PAXIS), UM978 (SIT-PERIM),
UG80 (KRC-SIT) AFFECTED.
VERTICAL LIMITS: FL390-FL410.
2.- AREA B (WITHOUT FIRING): 371640N0190206E 371348N0195530E
355500N0224500E 344312N0224915E 363114N0190142E.
AWYS UM729, UM728, UM978 (DEMAG-PLH), UM872 (KFN-ETILI),
UP32 (NEVIK-ETILI), UL81, UL144, UP23 AFFECTED.
PART 1 OF 2. DEC 10 11 14 15 16 17 18 0400-1100, 10 DEC 04:00 2015 UNTIL 18
DEC 11:00 2015. CREATED: 02 DEC 08:59 2015

A2490/15 (Issued for LGGG PART 2 OF 2) - VERTICAL LIMITS: FL390-FL410.
3.- AREA C (WITHOUT FIRING) : 342102N0283040E 344026N0283819E
341609N0294803E 335522N0294348E 342102N0283040E.
AWYS N129 (LATMO-KUMBI), M1 AND A14 (SIT-KAVOS), L53 (PERIM-ABILO)
AFFECTED.
VERTICAL LIMITS: FL200-FL240.
4.- AREA D (WITHOUT FIRING): 341629N0285318E 335330N0284544E
340320N0281756E 342838N0281727E 341629N0285318E.
AWYS UN129 (LATMO-KUMBI), UM1 (SIT-KAVOS), UN139 (NIPIS-KUMBI),
UN132 (LAPSO-KUMBI), UL612 (SIT-KUMBI), UW54 (ORVIS-ANTAR),
UN133 AND UN137 (GUDIS-ANTAR) AFFECTED.
VERTICAL LIMITS: FL360-FL440.
5.- PROCEDURES FOR EXERCISE AIRCRAFT:
EXERCISE AIRCRAFT WILL SUBMIT FLIGHT PLANS, WILL BE IN CONTINUOUS
TWO-WAY COMMUNICATION WITH THE APPROPRIATE ATC UNITS, WHILE ALSO BE
MONITORING THE EMERGENCY FREQUENCY, PRIOR TO, AND DURING THE
ACTIVITIES AND WILL BE OPERATING THE TRANSPONDER ON A/3 MODE,
DISCRETE CODE AND MODE C.
6.- PROCEDURES FOR NON-EXERCISE AIRCRAFT:
IN THE INTEREST OF SAFETY DURING THE EXERCISE, NON-EXERCISE AIRCRAFT
ARE STRONGLY ADVISED NOT TO FLY WITHIN THE AREAS DESIGNATED IN PARAS
(1) TO (4) ABOVE. FL200 - FL440 PART 2 OF 2, DEC 10 11 14 15 16 17 18 0400-1100,
10 DEC 04:00 2015 UNTIL 18 DEC 11:00 2015. CREATED: 02 DEC 08:59 2015

以色列“箭-3”反导系统首次拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙


===

2014年12月16日,Arrow-3第二次飞行试验,系统未能锁定靶弹,拦截弹未发射,试验失败。

A0996/14 NOTAMN
Q) LMMM/QRDCA/IV/BO /W /000/999/3450N02108E128
A) LMMM B) 1412160500 C) 1412161100
E) DANGER AREA RED ACTIVATED
AREA BOUNDED BY:
350626N0183538E (KUTOS)
352032N0193114E
351730N0200937E
350800N0215740E (NEVIK)
342000N0233500E
342000N0212758E (RASNO)
342000N0202855E (EKLIS)
342000N0192455E
343208N0184629E
344805N0183725E
350626N0183538E (KUTOS)
F) SFC G) UNL

A0997/14 NOTAMN
Q) LMMM/QARLC/IV/NBO/E /000/999/3509N02040E122
A) LMMM B) 1412160500 C) 1412161100
E) DUE TO DANGER AREA ADVISED BY NOTAM A0996/14 ROUTES M/UM1, UP32,
UP33, M/UM620 SEGMENT KUTOS-BONAR, P/UP868 SEGMENT KUTOS-ARLOS,
UL144 SEGMENT KUTOS-NEVIK, UY751 SEGMENT ELKAN-RASNO, N/UN4 SEGMENT
EMLAR-ARLOS, M/UM871 SEGMENT OMARA-ARLOS, UP167 SEGMENT ALIXA-ARLOS
CLOSED.

A1858/14 NOTAMN
Q) LLLL/QARLC/I/NBO/E/000/999/3246N03433E001
A) LLLL B) 1412160530 C) 1412191100
D) 16-17 19 DAILY 0530-1100
E) ATS RTES CLSD: H3D, H3N, H13, H14, J12.

图为靶弹发射空域,距离拦截弹发射点约1500 km。
“箭-3”反导系统拦截试验 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
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