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美国将在夏威夷部署陆基宙斯盾系统  

2016-01-23 15:28:11|  分类: 空天防御 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
随着具有精确制导和强突防能力的DF-26中程弹道导弹的装备,第二岛链已不再安全。未来中国精确制导远程弹道导弹的打击范围将涵盖第三岛链,再加上朝鲜弹道导弹能力的提升,因此美国正考虑将夏威夷的陆基宙斯盾试验系统升级为作战系统,以提升第三岛链的反导能力。

目前在夏威夷考艾岛太平洋导弹靶场试验的陆基宙斯盾反导系统使用的是SM-3 IB导弹,不具备拦截中远程和洲际弹道导弹的能力,今后可能需要升级为SM-3 IIA。


2016年1月22日外交部发言人洪磊主持例行记者会
  问:据报道,美军方正讨论升级部署在夏威夷的导弹防御设施。有分析认为,这是为了应对来自朝鲜和中国的军事威胁。你对此有何回应?
  答:中方在反导问题上的态度是明确的、一贯的,没有改变。


U.S. weighs making Hawaii missile test site operational - sources
WASHINGTON | By Andrea Shalal

The U.S. military has stepped up discussions on converting its Aegis missile defense test site in Hawaii into a combat-ready facility that would bolster American defenses against ballistic missile attacks, according to sources familiar with the discussions.

The proposal, which has been discussed sporadically for several years, was given fresh impetus by North Korea's fourth nuclear test on Jan. 6 and by recent strides in China's missile technology capabilities, said current and former U.S. military officials, congressional aides and other sources.

A Chinese official in Washington suggested that Beijing would see such a U.S. move as counter-productive to relations.

Aegis, developed by Lockheed Martin Corp for use on U.S. Navy destroyers, is among the most advanced U.S. missile defense systems, integrating radars, software, displays, weapons launchers and missiles.

Setting up its land version -- Aegis Ashore -- in Hawaii and linking it with Aegis destroyers would add a permanent missile defense site to the Pacific, providing an extra layer of protection for the U.S. islands and the West Coast at a time when North Korea is improving its missile capabilities.

Ground-based interceptors in Alaska and California provide the current defense for Hawaii and the continental United States against missile attacks.

The Navy also relies on deploying Aegis-equipped destroyers based on U.S. intelligence warnings about imminent threats. North Korea's development of mobile missile launchers has made it more difficult to predict launches in advance.

To make the test site combat-ready, the U.S. military would need to add personnel, stockpile live missiles and beef up security, at an estimated cost of around $41 million, said the sources, who were not authorized to speak publicly.

It would also need to integrate the site into the larger U.S. ballistic missile defense system, with control likely shifting from the Pentagon's Missile Defense Agency to the U.S. Navy, the sources said.

U.S. Navy Admiral Harry Harris, commander of U.S. Pacific Command, has been engaged in high-level discussions about ways to protect Hawaii, Guam and the continental United States from threats like North Korea, his spokesman, Captain Darryn James told Reuters.

James said no decisions had been made, but the Aegis Ashore site in Hawaii had a "proven test capability."

"Admiral Harris is always exploring options to forward deploy and operationalize the latest advancements in ballistic missile defense technologies in the Pacific, where we face increasingly sophisticated threats to the homeland," James said.

It remains unclear when the U.S. administration could reach a decision, but implementing the changes could be done swiftly, the sources said.

STRENGTHENING THE SHIELD

North Korea's nuclear test in January underscored U.S. concerns that the secretive state has the ability to place a bomb on a long-range ballistic missile that could reach the U.S. West Coast.

Any moves to boost missile defenses could inflame growing military rivalry between China and Washington and its allies.

Converting the site on Hawaii's Kauai island into combat use could rankle China at a time of heightened tensions with Washington over the disputed South China Sea. Beijing has already expressed concern about the possible deployment of the mobile U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to South Korea.

Zhu Haiquan, spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Washington, said Beijing believed the nuclear proliferation issue would be best resolved diplomatically.

"All measures seeking to increase military capacities will only intensify antagonism and will not help to solve the problem," he said when asked about the possible U.S. move.

"China hopes the relevant country will proceed on the basis of regional peace and stability, adopt a responsible attitude and act prudently in regard to the anti-missile issue."

Russia, meanwhile, has repeatedly objected to the U.S. Aegis Ashore site in Romania, which is due to become operational in the coming weeks. A similar site is due to open in Poland in 2018.

The Missile Defense Agency explored the prospect of putting the Hawaii test site into full operation in a classified report to Congress in September 2014, according to one of the sources.

Congress requires the agency to update its estimate of the cost, feasibility and effectiveness of adding more Aegis Ashore sites this spring.

The Aegis Ashore test site in Hawaii completed its first intercept test in December, using a Raytheon Co Standard Missile-3 Block 1B to destroy a target that replicated an Iranian Ghadr-110 medium-range missile.

Riki Ellison, who heads the non-profit Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance, said the new Aegis installation would in effect give the U.S. military three chances to shoot down a missile aimed at Hawaii, up from one currently.

"If you have the assets on the island, why not use them to protect against possible missile attacks from North Korea?" Ellison said.

The December test proved the Aegis Ashore system could fire two different Raytheon Co missiles -- one inside the earth's atmosphere and one outside -- at an enemy missile.

Expansion of military operations in Hawaii have sparked protests by residents in the past.

But Hawaii Representative Mark Takai, a Democrat and member of the House Armed Services Committee, said the conversion is "the best way to ensure we have protection for Hawaii’s critical defense infrastructure against increasingly belligerent actors that threaten our country."

中国或朝鲜攻击美国本土的洲际导弹弹道距离夏威夷至少有4000 km,部署在夏威夷的陆基宙斯盾系统无法拦截这些洲际导弹。夏威夷的陆基宙斯盾系统主要还是用于对本岛的导弹防御,对于从其附近海域发射的潜射导弹也有一定的拦截能力。
美国将在夏威夷部署陆基宙斯盾系统 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙

美国太平洋导弹靶场(PMRF)位于夏威夷考艾岛西部
美国将在夏威夷部署陆基宙斯盾系统 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国夏威夷导弹防御 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国进行陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
Jan. 8, 2014 - The deckhouse for the Aegis Ashore system at the Pacific Missile Range Facility. This is the test asset for the Aegis Ashore system that will be emplaced in Romania and Poland. Missile Defense Agency Photo 

陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国进行陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国进行陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙

SM-3 VLS
美国将在夏威夷部署陆基宙斯盾系统 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 

美国进行陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
美国进行陆基“宙斯盾”反导系统首次试射 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
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