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2016年3月美俄核武库数据  

2016-04-02 19:58:05|  分类: 核武器 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Fact Sheet
Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance
April 1, 2016

(Data in this Fact Sheet comes from the biannual exchange of data required by the Treaty. It contains data declared current as of March 1, 2016.)
 

Category of Data

United States of America

Russian Federation

Deployed ICBMs, Deployed SLBMs,
and Deployed Heavy Bombers

741

521

Warheads on Deployed ICBMs,
on Deployed SLBMs, and Nuclear Warheads
Counted for Deployed Heavy Bombers

1481

1735

Deployed and Non-deployed Launchers of ICBMs,
Deployed and Non-deployed Launchers of SLBMs,
and Deployed and Non-deployed Heavy Bombers

878

856


The U.S. State Department released aggregate New START numbers from the 1 March 2016 data exchange. Russia declared 1735 deployed warheads, 521 deployed launchers, and 856 total launchers. In September 2015 the numbers were 1648, 526, and 877 respectively.

The increase of 87 deployed warheads is most likely due to the deployment of Bulava missiles on the Vladimir Monomakh submarine that was completed in April 2015. Some older missiles were apparently withdrawn from service.

The U.S. numbers in March 2016 were 1481 warheads, 741 deployed and 878 total launchers (1538, 762, and 898 in September 2015).


New START Data Shows Russian Increases and US Decreases

Posted on Apr.01, 2016

By Hans M. Kristensen

Russia continues to increase the number of strategic warheads it deploys on its ballistic missiles counted under the New START Treaty, according to the latest aggregate data released by the US State Department.

The data shows that Russia now has almost 200 strategic warheads more deployed than when the New START treaty entered into force in 2011, and will have to offload 185 warheads before the treaty enters into effect in 2018.

The United States, in contrast, has continued to decrease its deployed warheads and the data shows that the United States currently is counted with 1,481 deployed strategic warheads – 69 warheads below the treaty limit.

The Russian increase is probably mainly caused by the addition of the third Borei-class ballistic missile submarine to the fleet. Other fluctuations in forces affect the count as well. But Russia is nonetheless expected to reach the treaty limit by 2018.

2016年3月美俄核武库数据 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙

Strategic Launchers

The aggregate data also shows that Russia increased its number of deployed strategic launchers by 87 over the previous count in September 2015. In fact, Russia is now counted as deploying exactly the same number of strategic launchers as when the New START Treaty entered into force in 2011.

But Russia has far fewer deployed strategic launchers than the United States (a difference of 220 launchers) and has been well below the treaty limit since before the treaty was signed. The United States still has to dismantle 41 launchers to reach the treaty limit of 700 deployed strategic launchers.

New START Counts Only Fraction of Arsenals

Overall, the New START numbers only count a fraction of the total nuclear warheads that Russia and the United States have in their arsenals. The treaty does not count bombers at bomber bases or central storage, additional submarine warheads in storage, or non-strategic nuclear warheads.

Our latest count is that Russia has about 7,300 warheads, of which nearly 4,500 are for strategic and tactical forces. The United States has about 6,970 warheads, of which 4,670 are for strategic and tactical forces.

See here for our latest estimates: https://fas.org/issues/nuclear-weapons/status-world-nuclear-forces/

See analysis of previous New START data: https://fas.org/blogs/security/2015/10/newstart2015-2/

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