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世界各国裂变材料储备量  

2016-04-03 11:48:15|  分类: 核武器 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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截至2014年底,世界各国共拥有高浓缩铀储备1370±125吨,分离钚储备505±10吨。

Fissile material stocks


HEU,
tonnes
Non-civilian Pu, tonnes Civilian Pu, tonnes
Russia 679 128 52.2
United States 599 87.6 0
France 30.6 6 61.9
China 18 1.8 0.025
United Kingdom 21.2 3.2 103.3
Pakistan 3.1 0.19 0
India 3.2 5.7 0.4
Israel 0.3 0.86 -
North Korea 0 0.03 -
Others 15 - 52.8
TOTAL 1370 234 271
Numbers for weapon plutonium for the United States and United Kingdom are based on official data. Most numbers for civilian plutonium are based on declarations submitted to IAEA and reflect the status as of December 31, 2014. Other numbers are non-governmental estimates, often with large uncertainties. HEU amount for Russia is 90% enriched HEU equivalent. The totals are rounded. See individual country entries for details.

Production of military fissile materials continues in India, which is producing plutonium and HEU for naval propulsion, Pakistan, which produces plutonium and HEU for weapons, Israel, which is believed to produce plutonium. North Korea has the capability to produce weapon-grade plutonium and highly-enriched uranium.

France, Russia, the United Kingdom, Japan, and India operate civilian reprocessing facilities that separate plutonium from spent fuel of power reactors. China is operating a pilot civilian reprocessing facility.

Twelve countries - Russia, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands (all three are in the URENCO consortium), Japan, Argentina, Brazil, India, Pakistan, and Iran - operate uranium enrichment facilities. North Korea is also believed to have an operational uranium enrichment plant.

世界各国裂变材料储备量 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
世界各国裂变材料储备量 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
世界各国裂变材料储备量 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 

Materials: Highly-enriched uranium

As of 1 April 2016, 26 countries had at least 1 kg of highly-enriched uranium in their civilian stocks. All HEU has been removed from 30 countries plus Taiwan.

More than 10000 kg: (2 countries)

  • Russia
  • United States

1000-10000 kg: (6 countries)

  • Canada
  • China
  • France
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • United Kingdom

100-1000 kg: (7 countries)

  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • South Africa

10-100 kg: (3 countries)

  • Israel
  • North Korea
  • Pakistan

1-10 kg: (4 countries)

  • Australia
  • India
  • Iran
  • Norway

About 1 kg: (4 countries)

  • Ghana
  • Indonesia
  • Nigeria
  • Syria

Cleared: (30 countries plus Taiwan)

  • Argentina
  • Austria
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech Republic
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Denmark
  • Georgia
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iraq
  • Jamaica
  • Latvia
  • Libya
  • Mexico
  • Philippines
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam

Countries with research reactors that never used HEU: (11 countries)

  • Algeria
  • Bangladesh
  • Congo (DRC)
  • Egypt
  • Finland
  • Malaysia
  • Morocco
  • Peru
  • Tunisia
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
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