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美日韩首次举行导弹防御联合军演  

2016-07-02 13:31:03|  分类: 空天防御 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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韩联社首尔6月29日电 据韩国海军29日消息,韩美日三国当地时间28日在美国夏威夷近海首次共同实施旨在探测、追踪朝鲜导弹的预警演习。韩美日在朝鲜导弹防御系统(MD)方面的合作有望通过此次军演得到进一步巩固。
此次军演代号为“太平洋龙”(Pacific Dragon),韩美日三国的宙斯盾舰探测和追踪在无预警的情况下从地面发射的目标导弹,并通过美国地面中继站交流导弹轨迹等情报。
参加军演的各国宙斯盾舰包括韩国“世宗大王号”、美国神盾驱逐舰“约翰保罗琼斯号”(USS John Paul Jones,DDG-53)和“萧普号”(USS Shoup DDG-86)、日本“鸟海号”(Chokai,DDG-176)等。值得一提的是,此次美国新型无人作战机“死神”(MQ-9)参与演习,探测并追踪目标导弹。
2014年,韩美日三方签署有关朝鲜核与导弹威胁的情报共享协议,在此次军演中,韩美日三国根据该协议通过美国中继站实时进行了有关导弹轨迹等的情报交流。(完)

Aegis ships USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53), USS Shoup (DDG 86), Japan’s Chokai (DDG 176), the Republic of Korea’s Sejung The Great (DDG 991) and Gang Gam Chan (DDH 979) steam in formation during exercise Pacific Dragon 2016 in June. Pacific Dragon is a trilateral Ballistic Missile Defense tracking event between the U.S. Navy, Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and Republic of Korea Navy. The biennial exercise focuses on improving tactical and technical coordination among its participants, including the detection, tracing and reporting of ballistic targets. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Holly L. Herline/Released) 
美日韩首次举行导弹防御联合军演 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 

Exercise Pacific Dragon, the third biennial drill between U.S., Japan and Republic of Korea navies, took place from June 20 to 28 off the coast of the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) in Kauai, Hawaii.
The trilateral ballistic missile defense (BMD) tracking event focuses on improving tactical and technical coordination among its participants, including the detection, tracking and reporting of ballistic targets.
Pacific Dragon 2016 active participants included the Pacific Missile Range Facility, USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53), USS Shoup (DDG 86), JS Chokai (DDG 176), ROKS Sejung The Great (DDG 991) and ROKS Gang Gam Chan (DDH 979).
“Pacific Dragon not only allows participants the opportunity to exercise ballistic missile defense but it enhances the already strong relationship of all three nations participating,” said Vice Adm. Nora Tyson, commander, U.S. 3rd Fleet.
This year featured a coordinated live ballistic target tracking event where each nation’s Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System capabilities were tested and improved. All participants shared tactical data link information in accordance with a trilateral information sharing agreement.
While there were no missiles fired, all participants strengthened interoperability, communication channels, data collection, and capabilities assessments.

美日韩首次举行导弹防御联合军演 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
USS Paul Jones was one of the ships participating in exercise Pacific Dragon. Photo: US Navy


美国在朝鲜导弹探测训练中投入尖端无人机
据悉,韩美日三国将于6月末在夏威夷近海实施朝鲜导弹探测、追踪训练,训练中将首次投入两架美国最新型无人机。
美国未来还将开发装在可长时间飞行的大型无人机的激光武器,在敌方导弹发射后的上升阶段就用激光予以破坏。在针对朝鲜弹道导弹的防御系统中,无人机的作用将越来越大。
熟知美军情况的消息人士26日表示,“朝鲜导弹探测、追踪训练将于本月28日实施。投入到训练的美国最新型无人机将起到锁定朝鲜导弹以及追踪已发射的弹道导弹,并将信息传达给美国地面中继站等地方的作用。”该消息人士还说,“美国正在推动在导弹防御系统中也积极利用无人机的新计划,在此次训练中投入无人机也是相同的道理。”
此次投入的无人机是对MQ-9 Reaper进行改良后的最新型。该新型无人机装有特殊摄像头,能够以最快速度探测并追踪已发射的朝鲜弹道导弹。此次训练中将追踪距离约200公里处的虚拟朝鲜导弹。
韩美日三国将在此次训练中投入宙斯盾巡洋舰,进行追踪虚拟朝鲜弹道导弹并分享信息的训练。美日的宙斯盾巡洋舰还将进行用SM-导弹截击朝鲜弹道导弹的模拟训练。韩国宙斯盾巡洋舰由于没有装载可以进行截击的SM-3导弹,将只进行探测、追踪的训练。
据悉,美国正在讨论使用无人机在非军事区附近朝鲜领空、领海外长时间停留在空中并监视朝鲜导弹发射的系统。因此,美国很有可能在不久的将来把该无人机送到韩半岛进行试验。美国正计划在2020年之后在可以长时间飞行的大型无人机装上激光武器,在朝鲜发射导弹后马上将其击落。因此,未来可能将建立起利用无人机进行导弹探测及击落的系统。目前韩国型导弹防御系统(KAMD)只能在朝鲜发射导弹并落到韩国空中15公里到40公里以下时将其截击。因此,该无人机截击系统开发完成之后,针对朝鲜导弹威胁的“杀伤链”系统和KAMD的效果也将得到提升。
另外,韩国军方正在开发能够破坏朝鲜移动式导弹发射台的滞空型隐形无人机。该无人机可以长时间滞留在比朝鲜对空炮的射程更高的高度,并在需要的时候直接攻击或撞向朝鲜导弹发射台或长射程炮。

美日韩举行首次导弹防御联合军演 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
▲ 将在6月末韩美日三国的朝鲜导弹探测、追踪训练中首次投入使用的美国最新型无人机是对MQ-9 Reaper无人机进行改良后的机型,前端装有可以探测并追踪弹道导弹的特殊摄像机(白圈内)。此次训练中将追踪距离约200公里处的虚拟朝鲜导弹。


日美韩在夏威夷海域举行弹道导弹探测追踪演习
  【共同社华盛顿6月28日电】美国海军第三舰队28日宣布,日美韩三国已于20日至28日在夏威夷海域举行了代号为“太平洋龙”的弹道导弹探测追踪演习。这是韩国首次参加该联合演习。演习旨在加强三国对导弹防御系统(MD)的一体化运用,以应对朝鲜的核武器及导弹开发。
  据美军透露,三国在演习中确认了从探测弹道导弹发射到追踪、报告拦截对象的一系列步骤。演习中未实际发射拦截导弹。
  日美韩2014年12月签署了为应对朝鲜核导问题而共享防务机密情报的备忘录。在本次演习中,三国依据该备忘录共享了战术数据。
  美国海军2艘、海上自卫队1艘和韩国海军的2艘舰船参加了演习。所有参演舰船均为装备了高性能雷达、可同时拦截多个目标的宙斯盾舰。
  组织演习的第三舰队司令泰森强调:“三国间的协同合作进一步得到了强化。”
  韩国应日美两国的邀请参加了此次演习。因担心中国反对,韩国此前一直未加入美国主导的反导体系,而是表示要建立自身的反导系统。(完)


US, Japan, S. Korea conducting first joint ballistic missile defense drill
By Wyatt Olson
Published: June 27, 2016
 
FORT SHAFTER, Hawaii — The U.S., Japan and South Korea are conducting their first joint ballistic missile defense exercise in Hawaii that is aimed as much at fostering cooperation between the two Asian neighbors as preparing for a possible North Korean attack.
Participants of the Pacific Dragon exercise, which is expected to conclude Tuesday, include guided-missile destroyer USS John Paul Jones, destroyer USS Shoup and the Pacific Missile Range Facility on the island of Kauai, according to a Navy spokesman.
Naval vessels with the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and South Korea Navy, in Hawaii for next month’s Rim of the Pacific exercise, are the other participants.
The Navy provided no further details. An official with the South Korea Ministry of National Defense told reporters Monday that among the three warships that South Korea sent to RIMPAC was the Aegis-equipped Sejong the Great destroyer.
Navy assets from the three countries will primarily share information that’s needed to detect and track the launch of an enemy’s missile, but the drill will not include actually firing interceptor missiles, the ministry official said.
Aegis is the Navy’s primary anti-missile system, which is also used by South Korean and Japanese naval ships.
The antimissile drill slated for Tuesday is based on a hypothetical missile launch by North Korea, the ministry official said.
North Korea has conducted numerous missile tests this year. The most recent – and possibly most successful of its medium-range launches – came Wednesday when a Musudan missile flew about 800 miles high before coming down in the Sea of Japan.
The North has promised more missile tests, while at the same time trying to perfect a miniaturized nuclear weapon that could one day be mounted on such a missile.
Pacific Dragon is a positive step forward in the trilateral relationship, but it also underscores the chasm between Japan and South Korea, which have yet to move past territorial disputes and a history of war.
South Korea and Japan will not directly exchange information during the drill and will instead use the U.S. as a “middleman,” the South Korean ministry said.
James Hackett, a senior fellow at the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies, wrote earlier this month that it remains unclear whether this inaugural trilateral exercise will actually advance cooperative capability.
North Korea’s missile developments appear to be an area suitable for real progress in this trilateral relationship, he said.
“After all, as well as the commonly perceived dangers from North Korean missile developments, there are some similarities in assets,” including Aegis and other anti-missile systems, he said.
But how much this year’s Pacific Dragon will enhance missile-defense cooperation between the three countries depends a lot on the exercise program itself, particularly how much Japan and South Korea interact, he said.
Hackett noted that Defense Secretary Ash Carter has called it a “missile warning” exercise that is “designed to check the three countries’ capacity to track ballistic missiles and share relevant information, involving their Aegis destroyers.”
And while that’s a far cry from shooting down intercontinental test missiles, exercises such as Pacific Dragon that “incrementally develop trust and cooperation” might be what is needed at this stage, he said.

[日本航行警報] 
ハワイ諸島北西、ミサイル射撃

番号:16-1575   発表日時:2016年06月25日 15時
★ ハワイ諸島北西、
ミサイル射撃、6月28日(予備29日)2300Z?翌日0330Z、
22?00N 159?47W 22?17N 160?18W
31?06N 168?02W 31?47N 167?03W
22?30N 159?47W 22?05N 159?46Wで囲まれる海面。

靶弹射程约1200km,模拟的是“火星-7(“芦洞”)中近程弹道导弹
美日韩举行首次导弹防御联合军演 - kktt - 长缨在手  敢缚苍龙
 
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